Poverty in India has been cited as one of the main reasons why millions of children do not get access to the rights they are entitled to. India, being home to every sixth child in the world (Ministry of Statistics and Programme Implementation- MoSPI, 2012).
India, though a member country in the UN supporting the MDG has not been able to ensure the Right to Survival, Right to Development, Right to Protection and Right to Participation of its children.
Any issue that causes a violation of Child Rights like female foeticide or child labour, is brushed under the carpet and remains a symptom of deep-rooted problems such as lack of livelihoods, caste or gender bias. Poverty and the problems arising from it affect children in the long-term because this breach of Trust is not breeched in a simple swift act of bribery as consolation
1 in 4 children of school-going age is out of school in our country – 99 million children in total have dropped out of school (Census 2011)
Out of every 100 children, only 32 children finish their school education
Only 2% of the schools offer complete school education from Class 1 to Class 12
There is around 10.13 million child labour between 5-14 years in India (Census 2011)
India has 33 million working children between the ages of 5-18 years. In parts of the country, more than half the child population is engaged in labour (Census 2011)
19.8 million children below age 6 in India are undernourished (ICDS 2015)
42% of married women in India were married as children (District Information System for Education (DISE) 3)
1 in every 3 child brides in the world is a girl in India (UNICEF)
India has more than 45 lakh girls under 15 years of age who are married with children. Out of these, 70% of the girls have 2 children (Census 2011)
While tackling the issues that poverty has given rise to, ‘charity’ alone is not a lasting solution to enable change for the millions of children living in India today, who have little or no access to food or education and are exploited daily. A RIGHTs-based approach ensures that entitlements are available to all children without any discrimination.